Desparing
星期二, 十月 16, 2007
intel 的 Dual Core e2160 似乎挺不錯的
不用風扇都可以跑 ...
裝了風扇 由1.8GHz 超頻至 3.2GHz
居然可以跑的比 e6750 2.66GHz 沒超頻時 還要快
不過 時脈最高 3.2 .... 不知道是設計問題呢
還是 材料問題 ... 懷疑是用 Si ...
不過沒道理就是了

另外就是 現在 新的 CPU
超溫 都會自行 減速 或關閉 (AMD 以前會燒掉=.=)

以上資訊都來自 tomshardware ... (反正你也不會去 列好玩的)

話說 之前寫了幾篇 爭論 CPU 的回應
怎說.. 結論是
Barcelona 開使用 Si-Ge 了
不過 2MB L3 cache ... 不覺得有點太少嘛

真是等不急 penryn 出來 ... 好想看看 是否速度真有快上許多
有的話 下一台電腦 大概就是非 penryn 莫屬了

兩則小新聞
http://blogs.intel.com/research/2007/09/40g_photodetector.html
http://www.bit-tech.net/news/2007/09/18/intel_has_worlds_fastest_si-ge_photo_detector/1
哈哈 看到這兩篇
害我都開始幻想 不知道 十幾 二十年後
或者是 遙遠的未來
會不會 有一天 家家一條光纖 包辦網路 電視 電話
哈哈 似乎還遠的很呢
rural 發表於 8:00 AM | 靜態連結 | 迴響留言 (1) | 引用列表 | 觀看 (73121)

星期四, 十月 11, 2007
國慶 居然沒說 中華民國
只說 「民主萬歲、台灣加油!」
妳是哪國的總統 中華民國總統?
誰選妳出來當總統的 中華民國國民?
妳的 就職宣誓 效忠到哪一國去了

============以下為 來源自 網路上的 歷史資料
2004.5.20 陳水扁:“中華民國在台澎金馬存在、台灣在國際社會存在的事實,不容許任何人以任何理由加以否定”(陳水扁 在 2007.10.11 自行否定了自己說過的話 還簽扯了 別人的名子 自己不敢講 就不要整天 拉別人的話)

2000.5.20
(找不到2000.5.20 原本演講稿 只找到了新聞報導)
陳 水 扁 在 演 說 中 會 強 調 主 權 ﹐ 但 是 要 與 中 華 民 國 主 權 連 在 一 起 講 ﹐ 而 不 是 用 「 台 灣 主 權 」 的 方 式 談 ﹐ 而 「 台 灣 」 也 要 提 ﹐ 但 是 以 強調 台 灣 人 民 、 土 地 與 文 化 的 方 式 陳 述 。

2000年五月二十日,民進黨的陳水扁當選第十任中華民國總統,他在國父孫中山先生遺像前宣誓就職,效忠憲法,加入了中華民國體制,民進黨成為維護國家權益,捍衛中華民國的政黨。

民進黨因而於1999年通過台灣前途決議文,
明確指出主權在民,主權國家就是獨立國家,不需要宣佈獨立或更改中華民國國號,
這樣的理念一部分民進黨人士不能接受,後來這些人就退出民進黨,成立建國黨。
===========

居然 還用西元來表示日期
「二00七年的雙十國慶」
什麼時候 國教 變成 基督教了
什麼時候 中華民國 被陳水扁 滅國了
居然 日期 不用 民國來表示

還是說 陳水扁 擺明就是 她已經 篡國了
現在 國名叫台灣 紀元改用西元
總統之位 要不要改 世襲阿?

在場怎麼都沒有人 帶頭 喊 中華民國萬歲
應該 全場喊 中華民國萬歲
看看 陳水扁是不是要 臉色 變綠?
然後現場 通通抓起來?

居然拿 中華民國 跟韓國比
不知道檢討錯誤 只知道 掩飾自己的錯誤
rural 發表於 1:12 PM | 靜態連結 | 迴響留言 (3) | 引用列表 | 觀看 (3003)

星期天, 十月 7, 2007
2003年10月25日《紐約時報》以《蔣女士,中國領導人的遗孀,105歲死亡》寫道:
“      雖然蔣女士在美國的公眾輿論裡有一種明星般的形象,富藍克林 ‧羅斯福總統和其它領袖們,對她和她丈夫專制和腐敗的作為感到幻滅。Eleanor羅斯福女士在一場白宮晚餐中,當問到蔣女士中國政府要如何處理煤礦工人罷工問題的時感到驚恐:蔣女士不發一語,用尖銳的指甲在她的脖子前比了一比。
「她可以把民主談得很漂亮,但是,她不知道如何生活在民主政治裡。」羅斯福女士事後說。
……許多國民政府的軍隊因沒有薪水而被迫乞討,但是,美國外交官員們發現,從美國送去中國的軍事補給,有時在一抵達中國就出現在黑市上。
……在上海時,那天蔣女士如常地坐著她的大型加長Limousine上街購物。
……蔣女士很快的在華府引起風潮,她在國會強有力和熱情的演說,引起了如雷的掌聲,她然後橫越整個國家,出現在麥迪遜花園廣場和好萊塢Bowl。
但是她同時卻引起了美國軍人對她的厭惡,尤其是她回到戰時的首都重慶,帶著許多箱的皮箱,其中一個撐開來,露出了裡面奢華的化妝品,私人衣物和時髦昂貴的日用品。……
美國作家默爾·米勒採訪杜魯門總統時,杜魯門氣得大罵:“他們都是賊,個個都他媽的是賊(They're thieves, every damn one of them)……他們從我們給蔣送去的38億美元中偷去7.5億美元。他們偷了這筆錢,而且將這筆錢投資在巴西的聖保羅,以及就在這裡,紐約的房地產。

根據以上內容
個人去查了 nytimes 網路 archives 複製於下
中間的內容完全不同
wiki如此還能夠 說 來源是 nytimes ?
改天會去 圖書館 查看看以前的 報導紀錄

Madame Chiang Kai-shek, a Power in Husband's China and Abroad, Dies at 105

By SETH FAISON
Published: October 25, 2003

Madame Chiang Kai-shek, a pivotal figure in one of the 20th century's great epics -- the struggle for control of post-imperial China waged between the Nationalists and the Communists during the Japanese invasion and the violent aftermath of World War II -- died on Thursday in Manhattan, the Foreign Ministry of Taiwan reported yesterday. She was 105.

Madame Chiang, a dazzling and imperious politician, wielded immense influence in Nationalist China, but she and her husband were eventually forced by the Communist victory into exile in Taiwan, where she presided as the grande dame of Nationalist politics for many years. After Chiang Kai-shek died in 1975, she retreated to New York City, where she spent the rest of her life.

But her old influence overseas was matched, and perhaps exceeded, by the relentless and sophisticated lobbying effort she and her husband set up in Washington, through which they distributed uncounted millions through law firms and public relations companies to promote Taiwan's cause and maintain recognition by the American government.

During the 1950's, Madame Chiang and her husband blamed the United States for the Nationalists' loss of China, and continued to campaign for help from Washington to retake the mainland. Although that hope eventually faded, American support for Taiwan remained strong for years, delaying Washington's recognition of Beijing as the capital of China until 1979, three decades after the Communists seized power.

As a fluent English speaker, as a Christian, as a model of what many Americans hoped China to become, Madame Chiang struck a chord with American audiences as she traveled across the country, starting in the 1930's, raising money and lobbying for support of her husband's government. She seemed to many Americans to be the very symbol of the modern, educated, pro-American China they yearned to see emerge -- even as many Chinese dismissed her as a corrupt, power-hungry symbol of the past they wanted to escape.

Ultimately, that difference in perspectives was perhaps one reason that she fled an increasingly democratic Taiwan, where many people reviled her and where she felt less at home as native Taiwanese eclipsed the exiled mainlanders.

Madame Chiang was the most famous member of one of modern China's most remarkable families, the Soongs, who dominated Chinese politics and finance in the first half of the 20th century. Yet in China it was her American background and style that distinguished Soong Mei-ling; that was her maiden name, sometimes spelled May-ling.

For many Americans, her finest moment came in 1943, when she barnstormed the United States in search of support for the Nationalist cause against Japan, winning donations from countless Americans who were mesmerized by her passion, determination and striking good looks. Her address to a joint meeting of Congress electrified Washington, winning billions of dollars in aid.

She helped create American policy toward China during the war years, running the Nationalist government's propaganda operation and emerging as its most important diplomat. Yet she was also deeply involved in the endless maneuverings of her husband, who was uneasily at the helm of several shifting alliances with Chinese warlords vying for control of what was then a badly fractured nation.

A devout Christian, Madame Chiang spoke fluent English tinted with the Southern accent she acquired as a schoolgirl in Georgia, and she presented a civilized and humane image of a courageous China battling Japanese invasion and Communist subversion. Yet historians have documented the murderous path that Chiang Kai-shek led in his efforts to win, then keep, and ultimately lose power. It also became clear in later years that the Chiang family had pocketed hundreds of millions of dollars of American aid intended for the war.

Madame Chiang had a notoriously tempestuous relationship with her husband, and then with his son by a previous marriage, Chiang Ching-kuo, who became Taiwan's leader after Chiang Kai-shek's death. She had no children.

Her skill as a politician, alternately charming and vicious, made her a formidable presence. She made a play for Taiwan's leadership after Chiang Ching-kuo died in 1988, even though she was 90 and living in New York.

Although she suffered numerous ailments, including breast cancer, she outlived all her contemporary rivals. She was said to credit her religious faith -- she told friends she rose at dawn for an hour of prayer each day -- for her good health.

Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, who worked closely with her when he commanded American forces in China during the war, described Madame Chiang in his diary as a ''clever, brainy woman.''

''Direct, forceful, energetic,'' he wrote. ''Loves power, eats up publicity and flattery, pretty weak on her history. Can turn on charm at will and knows it.''

Soong Mei-ling's rise to power began when she married Chiang in an opulent ceremony in Shanghai in 1927, bringing together China's star military man with one of the nation's most illustrious families.

Her eldest sister, Soong Ai-ling, directed the family's affairs and innumerable money-making ventures with the help of her husband, H. H. Kung, a scion of one of China's wealthiest banking families.

Madame Chiang's second sister, Soong Qing-ling, was the wife of Sun Yat-sen, China's first president after the last emperor was toppled in 1911. After Sun's death, Soong Qing-ling carried his banner over into the Communist camp, causing an irreparable rupture in the family.

When the vanquished Nationalists retreated to Taiwan in 1949, Soong Qing-ling stayed behind. The Communist Party leadership called her the only true patriot in the Soong family, and appointed her honorary chairman of the People's Republic in 1980, a year before her death.

A Telling Ditty

Today, Chinese still remember the three sisters with a telling ditty: ''One loved money, one loved power, one loved China,'' referring respectively to Ai-ling, Mei-ling and Qing-ling.

Madame Chiang's elder brother, T. V. Soong, often called Nationalist China's financial wizard, served at various times as finance minister, acting prime minister and foreign minister, where his primary role was raising money from America.

Although Madame Chiang developed a stellar image with the American public, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and other leaders became disillusioned with her and her husband's despotic and corrupt practices. Eleanor Roosevelt was shocked at her answer when asked at a dinner at the White House how the Chinese government would handle a strike by coal miners. Madame Chiang silently drew a sharp fingernail across her neck.

''She can talk beautifully about democracy,'' Mrs. Roosevelt said later. ''But she does not know how to live democracy.''

By the end of the war, the loyalty of Nationalist officials melted away as the government grew corrupt and fiscally traitorous, printing money so aggressively that the Chinese currency fell to an exchange rate of several million yuan to the dollar. Many Nationalist soldiers were reduced to begging for food because they went unpaid, yet American diplomats discovered that military supplies sent from the United States to China sometimes appeared on the black market soon after arrival.

During the 1950's, Madame Chiang and her husband continued to campaign for help from Washington to retake the mainland, although That hope eventually faded.

In New York, Madame Chiang lived in an apartment on Gracie Square in Manhattan. In March 1999, as she turned 101, hard of hearing but still quick-witted, she told visitors that she read the Bible and The New York Times every day.

The Soong family's saga, cutting across many strands of modern Chinese history, began when Madame Chiang's father, Charlie Soong, sailed to the United States at the age of 12. Coming from a family of traders in Hainan Island in the South China Sea, Mr. Soong was taken in by Methodists in North Carolina who converted him to Christianity in hopes of sending him back to spread the word of Jesus in China.

After returning to Shanghai in 1886, Mr. Soong, a genial wheeler-dealer, passed up missionary life to start a business printing Bibles, earning a fortune. He also printed political pamphlets secretly for Sun Yat-sen, then working to overthrow China's last emperor. On Jan. 1, 1912, Sun became China's first president.

Sun lasted in office only a few months before his coalition disintegrated, and after he fled to Japan, he hired Mr. Soong's second daughter, Soong Qing-ling, as a secretary. They soon married, despite the age difference: he was 50 and she was 21.

Educated in America

Mei-ling Soong was born in Shanghai on March 5, 1898, although some references give 1897 as the year because Chinese usually consider everyone to be one year old at birth. At the age of 10, she had followed her elder sisters to the Wesleyan College for Women in Macon, Ga.

She entered Wellesley College near Boston in 1913; her brother, T. V., was enrolled at Harvard. She majored in English literature, and was remembered by her classmates as a chubby, vivacious and determined student. She graduated in 1917 and returned to Shanghai speaking English better than Chinese.

She was introduced to her future husband in 1922. By that time, she had matured into a slender beauty and taken to wearing full-length, body-hugging gowns.

Chiang Kai-shek, a severe-looking military aide to Sun who established a school for officers in southern China, may have been as attracted to the Soongs' financial and political connections as he was to their youngest daughter. His initial overtures to her were rebuffed, and after Sun's death in 1925, as Chiang took the title generalissimo and tried to succeed him as the leader of the Nationalist cause, he proposed to Sun's young widow, Soong Qing-ling. She said no.

Chiang allied himself with warlords in southern and central China and with the Soviet Union, where Stalin regarded the Nationalists as more progressive than the warlords who still controlled Beijing and northern China. Communist rebels, not yet led by Mao Zedong, felt they deserved Moscow's support. But Stalin insisted on supporting the Nationalists.

In 1927, Chiang shocked his Soviet backers by carrying out a massacre of leftists in Shanghai. Edgar Snow, the American journalist, estimated that Chiang's forces had executed more than 5,000 people.

The massacre caused a permanent rent in the Soong family. Soong Qing-ling, as Sun's widow, led a faction of Nationalists who voted to expel Chiang from all his posts. T. V. Soong resigned as finance minister, though he was later persuaded to resume his alliance with Chiang.

When Chiang renewed his interest in Soong Mei-ling in 1927, she told him that she would consent to marry only if he could win the approval of her mother, who had reservations about a man who was neither Christian nor single. Chiang had already fathered a son in a marriage that was arranged when he was only 14, and had adopted a second son and married a second wife, Chen Chieh-ru. Chiang promised to convert, and eventually sent Chen away to the United States, where she enrolled at Columbia University and earned a doctorate.

The Chiang-Soong wedding took place in Shanghai on Dec. 1, 1927. A small Christian ceremony was held at the Soong mansion on Seymour Road, followed by a political ceremony at the Majestic Hotel, beneath a portrait of Sun.

As a political partner to her husband, Madame Chiang developed what she called the New Life Movement, a series of principles for modernizing China through social discipline, courtesy and service. She engineered public hygiene campaigns and denounced traditional superstitions.

While many ordinary Chinese resisted it, the campaign was popular with foreigners, particularly with Henry Luce, the publisher of Time magazine, who was born to missionaries in China. A longtime supporter of the Chiangs, Luce named the couple ''Man and Woman of the Year'' in 1938.

During the war with the Japanese, Madame Chiang pushed her husband to build up the Nationalist air force, and helped hire Claire Chennault, who commanded a mercenary force of pilots that came to be known as the Flying Tigers.

During World War II, the relationship between General Stilwell, Chiang and Madame Chiang proved contentious. The general accused Chiang of hoarding resources, deliberately avoiding battle with the Japanese to spare his men to fight the Communists.

Madame Chiang was in the middle, sometimes interceding on General Stilwell's behalf when resisting him threatened American support. But she also plotted against the general, telling journalists that he was incompetent. She and her husband lobbied Washington to have him replaced, and he was, in 1944.

After Japan was defeated in 1945 and the civil war between Nationalists and Communists accelerated, the Communists swiftly expanded their control into the northeast.

The governing Nationalists received considerable American aid, but American officials in China warned of vast amounts of graft among Nationalists. More than $3 billion was appropriated to China during the war, and most of it was transmitted through T. V. Soong, who as China's foreign minister was based in Washington. It later became apparent that the Soong family suffered vicious infighting over the purloined funds.

Madame Chiang traveled to Washington again in November 1948 to plead for emergency aid for the war against the Communists. Yet Congress had recently assigned $1 billion more to China, and President Truman was impatient with the Chiangs and what had become an apparently hopeless effort to shore up the Nationalist government. Madame Chiang never returned to China.

''I can ask the American people for nothing more,'' she said. ''It is either in your hearts to love us, or your hearts have been turned from us.''

In her frustration, she publicly likened American politics to ''clodhopping boorishness.'' Coming after years of generous American support, that irritated Truman.

''They're thieves, every damn one of them,'' Truman said later, referring to Nationalist leaders. ''They stole $750 million out of the billions that we sent to Chiang. They stole it, and it's invested in real estate down in São Paolo and some right here in New York.''

General Chiang resigned as president of Nationalist China in January 1949 and fled to Taiwan that May, taking with him a national art collection that was kept in crates in Taiwan for years as the Chiangs clung to the ever-diminishing hope that they would some day take it back to Beijing.

Over the years, Madame Chiang's health wavered, and in 1976 she was diagnosed with breast cancer and had a mastectomy, and later, a second one.

Her Final Years

Even after she moved to permanent residence in New York, she kept her finger on the pulse of Nationalist politics. She returned to Taiwan after her stepson died in January 1988. Even though she was nearly 90, she tried to rally her old allies. But Lee Teng-hui, chosen as vice president both because he was Taiwan-born and because he was considered a pushover by fellow Nationalists, proved more adept at politics than expected, and he gradually solidified his control.

Madame Chiang lived out her final years in New York, with a pack of black-suited bodyguards who cleared the lobby of her Gracie Square apartment building every time she entered or left. She returned to Congress for one last appearance in 1995.

Until this year, Madame Chiang maintained an annual tradition of receiving a few friends at her Manhattan apartment on her birthday. But this year, she came down with pneumonia, and was was unable to do that, the local Chinese press reported.

Her last public appearance was believed to be in January 2000, when she attended an exhibition of her watercolor paintings of traditional Chinese landscapes at the Queens headquarters of the World Journal, a prominent local Chinese newspaper. She was in a wheelchair, but was reported to be in good spirits, telling people there that she was very happy that day.

Correction: November 17, 2003, Monday An obituary of Mme. Chiang Kai-shek on Oct. 25 and in some late editions on Oct. 24 referred imprecisely to her attempt to influence political control in Taiwan in 1988, after the death of her stepson, Chiang Ching-kuo, who had been president as well as chairman of the ruling Nationalist Party. Mme. Chiang tried unsuccessfully to block his successor as president, Lee Teng-hui, from succeeding him as chairman; she did not seek office for herself, nor was she eligible to do so.


============================================================
以下是可以在網路上找到 少部分的報導
(被 wiki 引用的)
問題是 原稿 還是說 是更正稿 到底是如何呢?

Madame Chiang, 105, Chinese Leader's Widow, Dies - New York Times

Friday, October 24, 2003

By By SETH FAISON

Madame Chiang Kai-shek, a pivotal player in one of the 20th century's great epics - the struggle for control of post-imperial China waged between the Nationalists and the Communists during the Japanese invasion and the violent aftermath of World War II - died on Thursday in New York City, the Foreign Ministry of Taiwan reported early Friday. She was 105 years old.

Madame Chiang, a dazzling and imperious politician, wielded immense influence in Nationalist China, but she and her husband were eventually forced by the Communist victory into exile in Taiwan, where she presided as the grand dame of Nationalist politics for many years. After Chiang Kai-shek died in 1975, Madame Chiang retreated to New York City, where she lived out her last quarter-century.

Madame Chiang was the most famous member of one of modern China's most remarkable families, the Soongs, who dominated Chinese politics and finance in the first half of the century. Yet in China it was her American background and lifestyle that distinguished Soong Mei-ling, her maiden name (which is sometimes spelled May-ling).

For many Americans, Madame Chiang's finest moment came in 1943, when she barnstormed the United States in search of support for the Nationalist cause against Japan, winning donations from countless Americans who were mesmerized by her passion, determination and striking good looks. Her address to a joint meeting of Congress electrified Washington, winning billions of dollars in aid.

Madame Chiang helped craft American policy toward China during the war years, running the Nationalist Government's propaganda operation and emerging as its most important diplomat. Yet she was also deeply involved in the endless maneuverings of her husband, Chiang Kai-shek, who was uneasily at the helm of several shifting alliances with Chinese warlords vying for control of what was then a badly fractured nation.

A devout Christian, Madame Chiang spoke fluent English tinted with the Southern accent she acquired as a school girl in Georgia, and presented a civilized and humane image of a courageous China battling a Japanese invasion and Communist subversion. Yet historians have documented the murderous path that Chiang Kai-shek led in his efforts to win, then keep, and ultimately lose power. It also became clear in later years that the Chiang family had pocketed hundreds of millions of dollars of American aid intended for the war.

Madame Chiang had a notoriously tempestuous relationship with her husband, and then with his son by a previous marriage, Chiang Ching-kuo, who became Taiwan's leader after Chiang Kai-shek's death. Madame Chiang had no children.

Her skill as a politician, alternately charming and vicious, made her a formidable presence. She made a play for Taiwan's leadership after Chiang Ching-kuo died in 1988, even though she was 90 and living in New York at the time.

Although she suffered numerous ailments, including breast cancer, Madame Chiang eventually outlived all her contemporary rivals. She was said to credit her religious faith - she told friends she rose at dawn for an hour of prayer each day - for her good health.

Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, who worked closely with her when he commanded American forces in China during the war, described Madame Chiang in his diary as a "clever, brainy woman." "Direct, forceful, energetic. Loves power, eats up publicity and flattery, pretty weak on her history. Can turn on charm at will and knows it."

Love of Money, Power and China

Soong Mei-ling's rise to power began when she married Chiang Kai-shek in an opulent ceremony in Shanghai in 1927, bringing together China's star military man with one of the nation's most illustrious families.

Her eldest sister, Soong Ai-ling, directed the family's affairs and innumerable money-making ventures with the help of her husband, H.H. Kung, a scion of one of China's wealthiest banking families.

Madame Chiang's second sister, Soong Qing-ling, was the wife of Sun Yat-sen, China's first president after the last emperor was toppled in 1911. After Sun Yat-sen's death, Soong Qing-ling carried his banner over into the Communist camp, causing an irreparable rupture in the family.

When the vanquished Nationalists retreated to Taiwan in 1949, Soong Qing-ling stayed behind. The Communist Party leadership called her the only true patriot in the Soong family, and named her honorary chairman of the People's Republic in 1980, a year before her death.

Today, Chinese still remember the three sisters with a telling ditty: "One loved money, one loved power, one loved China," referring to Ai-ling, Mei-ling and Qing-ling.

Madame Chiang's elder brother, T.V. Soong, often called Nationalist China's financial wizard, served at various times as China's finance minister, acting prime minister and foreign minister, where his primary role was raising money from the United States.

Although Madame Chiang developed a stellar image with the American public, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and other leaders became disillusioned with her and her husband's despotic and corrupt practices. Eleanor Roosevelt was shocked at Madame Chiang's answer when asked at a dinner at the White House how the Chinese Government would handle a strike by coal miners. Madame Chiang silently drew a sharp fingernail across her neck.

"She can talk beautifully about democracy," Mrs. Roosevelt said later. "But she does not know how to live democracy."

By the end of the war, the loyalty of Nationalist officials melted away as the Government grew corrupt and fiscally traitorous, printing money so aggressively that the Chinese currency fell to an exchange rate of several million yuan to the dollar. Many Nationalist soldiers were reduced to begging for food because they went unpaid, yet American diplomats discovered that military supplies sent from the United States to China sometimes appeared on the black market soon after arrival.

Even at the busiest times of war, Madame Chiang often left her husband and disappeared into seclusion in New York for months at a time. The Chiang camp was too secretive to deny rumors about marital troubles, but Madame Chiang's retreats may also have been caused by a debilitating skin condition.

During the 1950's, Madame Chiang and her husband blamed the United States for the Nationalist loss of China, and continued to campaign for help from Washington to retake the mainland. Although that hope eventually faded, American support for Taiwan remained strong for years, delaying Washington's recognition of Beijing as the capital of China until 1979, three decades after the Communists had seized power.

By then, Madame Chiang had moved to New York, where she lived in an apartment on Gracie Square in Manhattan. In March 1999, as she turned 101, hard of hearing but still quick-witted, she told visitors that she read the Bible and The New York Times every day. gfobsubhdA Family's DivisionsReflect a Nation's

The Soong family's saga, a story that cuts across many strands of modern Chinese history, began when Madame Chiang's father, Charlie Soong, sailed to the United States at the age of 12. Coming from a family of traders in Hainan Island in the South China Sea, Mr. Soong was taken in by Methodists in North Carolina and converted to Christianity in hopes of sending him back to spread the word of Jesus in China.

After returning to Shanghai in 1886, Mr. Soong, a genial wheeler-dealer, passed up missionary life to start a business printing Bibles, earning a fortune. He also printed political pamphlets secretly for Sun Yat-sen, then working to overthrow China's last emperor. On Jan. 1, 1912, Sun was named China's first president.

Sun lasted in office only a few months before his coalition disintegrated, and after he fled to Japan, he hired Charlie Soong's second daughter, Soong Qing-ling, as a secretary. They soon married, despite the age difference: he was 50 and she was 21.

At the time Mei-ling Soong, who was born in Shanghai in 1898, was already studying in the United States. At the age of 10, she had followed her elder sisters to the Wesleyan College for Women in Macon, Ga.

She entered Wellesley College near Boston in 1913; her brother, T.V., was enrolled at Harvard. She majored in English literature, and was remembered by her classmates as a chubby, vivacious and determined student. She graduated in 1917 and returned to Shanghai speaking English better than Chinese.

She was introduced to her future husband in 1922. By that time, she had matured into a slender beauty and taken to wearing full-length body-hugging gowns.

Chiang Kai-shek, a severe-looking military aide to Sun Yat-sen who established a school for officers in southern China, may have been as attracted to the Soongs' financial and political connections as he was to their youngest daughter. His initial overtures to her were rebuffed, and after Sun's death in 1925, as Chiang Kai-shek took the title Generalissimo and tried to succeed him as the leader of the Nationalist cause, he proposed to Sun's young widow, Soong Qing-ling. She said no.

General Chiang allied himself with warlords in southern and central China and with the Soviet Union, where Stalin regarded the Nationalists as more progressive than the warlords who still controlled Beijing and northern China. Communist rebels, not yet led by Mao Zedong, felt they deserved Moscow's support. But Stalin insisted on supporting the Nationalists.

In 1927 General Chiang shocked his Soviet backers by carrying out a massacre of leftists in Shanghai. Edgar Snow, the American journalist, estimated that General Chiang's forces executed more than 5,000 people.

The massacre caused a permanent rent in the Soong family. Soong Qing-ling, as Sun Yat-sen's widow, led a faction of Nationalists who voted to expel General Chiang from all his posts. T.V. Soong resigned as finance minister, though he was later persuaded to resume his alliance with General Chiang.

General Chiang also allied himself with Shanghai's notorious underworld, then led by an opium-dealing gangster named Du Yuesheng, widely known as Big-Eared Du. In a fractious city, separated into sectors run by competing foreign powers, Du was the most powerful man, dominating banking, smuggling and opium.

A Suitable Husband and Dubious Friends

When General Chiang renewed his interest in Soong Mei-ling in 1927, she told him that she would consent to marry only if he could win the approval of her mother, who had reservations about a man who was neither Christian nor single. General Chiang had already fathered a son in a marriage that was arranged when he was only 14, and had adopted a second son and married a second wife, Chen Chieh-ru. General Chiang promised to convert, and eventually sent Chen away to the United States, where she enrolled at Columbia University and earned a doctorate.

The Chiang-Soong wedding took place in Shanghai on Dec. 1, 1927. A small Christian ceremony was held at the Soong mansion on Seymour Road, followed by a political ceremony at the Majestic Hotel, beneath a portrait of Sun Yat-sen.

According to the North China News, the event was a highlight of Shanghai's social calendar, attended by more than 1,300 of the cosmopolitan city's elite. A photograph shows Chiang Kai-shek in a morning suit, with a thin stubble of hair on his head. Madame Chiang looks like a 1920's coquette, with a white lace veil crawling down her forehead to her eyebrows.

Madame Chiang became a true political partner to her husband, traveling with him, advising him on military and political matters, turning her charm on allies and foes alike. Chiang spoke almost no English, though his wife taught him to call her "darling," and she served as his interpreter, often interspersing her own views.

However, she was continually reminded of the limits of the general's authority. Ilona Ralf Sues, a Polish journalist who worked briefly for Madame Chiang and later wrote "Shark Fins and Millet," documenting the treacherous politics of Shanghai, described how Madame Chiang was kidnapped by "Big-Eared Du" after she tried to convince her husband that as the leader of the Nationalists, he no longer needed to pay protection money to Du's underworld operation, the Green Gang.

Madame Chiang went out shopping in her limousine one afternoon, and did not return home by evening. When Du was reached on the phone, he said that Madame Chiang was fine, but that she had been found motoring alone in the streets of Shanghai, "a very imprudent thing to do considering the ever-present hazards." Money changed hands, and Madame Chiang was henceforth cautious with the Green Gang.

Madame Chiang's highly political life was often lonely, according to Ms. Sues. "She had admirers, but no true friends," she wrote of Madame Chiang in 1944. "She wants to be First Lady of the World."

Madame Chiang developed what she called the New Life Movement, a series of principles for modernizing China through social discipline, courtesy and service. She engineered public hygiene campaigns and denounced traditional superstitions.

While many ordinary Chinese resisted it, the campaign was popular with foreigners, particularly with Henry Luce, the publisher of Time, who was born to missionaries in China. He named the couple "Man and Woman of the Year" in 1938.

Madame Chiang pushed her husband to build up the Nationalist air force, and helped hire Claire Chennault, who commanded a mercenary force of pilots that came to be known as the Flying Tigers.

Madame Chiang also helped defuse one of the gravest crises of her husband's career, when he was kidnapped by rebellious generals in December 1936 in what came to be known as the Xian Incident.

Their rebels' leader, Gen. Zhang Xueliang, had long advocated better efforts at fighting the Japanese, who had gained control of Manchuria in 1931 and continued to make inroads in northern China, and criticized General Chiang's preoccupation with the Chinese Communist forces then based in China's northwest.

When General Chiang refused to redirect his military focus, General Zhang engineered a kidnapping at dawn on Dec. 4 at a hot springs resort where General Chiang was camped. General Chiang tried to escape in his nightclothes, badly injured his back scaling a back wall, and was found hours later, cowering and shivering between some rocks up a hill, minus his false teeth.

General Chiang refused to negotiate with his captors. Yet as Madame Chiang deliberated with other Nationalist leaders in the capital, Nanjing, it became apparent that some of General Chiang's rivals were advocating a military strike that could end in General Chiang's death. Madame Chiang flew to Xian to help mediate.

Communist leaders were also called in, and they were split over whether to execute General Chiang or to follow Stalin's instructions to unite with the Nationalists against the Japanese. Weeks of murky negotiations ensued. Finally, after T.V. Soong authorized a large payment to insure General Chiang's release, an agreement was reached on Dec. 31.

Retribution against General Zhang was swift and lasted a lifetime. General Chiang placed him under house arrest, where he was kept, on the Chinese mainland and then in Taiwan, until he was in his 90's. He later moved to Hawaii, where he remained until his death in 2001.

Diva-Like Petulance and a Winning Way

During the war, the relationship among General Stilwell, Madame Chiang and Chiang Kai-shek proved contentious. Stilwell accused General Chiang of hoarding resources, deliberately avoiding battle with the Japanese to spare his men to fight the Communists.

Madame Chiang was in the middle, sometimes interceding on Stilwell's behalf when resisting him threatened American support. But she also plotted against Stilwell, telling journalists that he was incompetent. She and her husband lobbied Washington to have Stilwell replaced, and he was, in 1944.

Madame Chiang also emerged as China's most important ambassador, frequently charming American visitors like Wendell Willkie, the Republican politician, who came to China in 1942 after losing a presidential campaign against Roosevelt in 1940.

"There is little doubt that Little Sister has accomplished one of her easiest conquests," wrote John Paton Davies, an American diplomat, apparently referring to the way Madame Chiang took advantage of Mr. Willkie's lack of access to women in wartime China. "It's interesting the influence which enforced celibacy has on his judgment - and the course of political events."

According to Sterling Seagrave, who wrote a scathing portrait of Madame Chiang in his racy history, "The Soong Dynasty," she was also capable of diva-like petulance. Madame Chiang was in New York in 1943 when she learned that Winston Churchill was on his way to Washington. She suggested that the British Prime Minister stop in New York to see her. He responded that she should join him for lunch with Roosevelt in Washington.

Churchill recalled with some amusement in his history of the war that she turned him down "with some hauteur." "In the regrettable absence of Madame Chiang Kai-shek, the President and I lunched alone in his room and made the best of things," he wrote.

Madame Chiang made a splash in Washington soon afterward. She spoke forcefully and passionately to Congress, winning a roaring ovation. She then traveled across the country, appearing at Madison Square Garden and at the Hollywood Bowl.

But she earned the enmity of American G.I.'s when she returned to China's wartime capital, Chungking, with several suitcases, one of which plopped open to reveal luxurious cosmetics, lingerie and fancy groceries.

It was a small sign of the growing corruption within the Nationalists that would speed their undoing. After Japan was defeated in 1945 and the civil war between Nationalists and Communists accelerated, the Communists swiftly expanded their control into the northeast.

The Nationalists received considerable American aid, but as John Service, a longtime Foreign Service officer in China, warned in a memorandum about General Chiang: "He has achieved and maintained his position in China by his supreme skill in balancing man against man and group against group, and his adroitness as a military politician rather than as a military commander, and by reliance on a gangster secret police."

Other American officials in China also warned against the vast amounts of graft among Nationalists. More than $3 billion was appropriated to China during the war, and most of it was transmitted through T.V. Soong, who as China's foreign minister was based in Washington. It later became apparent that the Soong family suffered vicious infighting over the purloined funds.

Madame Chiang traveled to Washington again in November 1948 to plead for emergency aid for the war against the Communists. Yet Congress had recently assigned another $1 billion to China, and President Truman was impatient with the Chiangs and what had become an apparently hopeless effort to shore up the Nationalist Government. Madame Chiang never returned to China.

"I can ask the American people for nothing more," she said. "It is either in your hearts to love us, or your hearts have been turned from us."

In her frustration, she publicly likened American politics to 'clodhopping boorishness." Coming after years of generous American support, that irritated Truman.

"They're thieves, every damn one of them," Mr. Truman said later, referring to Nationalist leaders. "They stole $750 million out of the billions that we sent to Chiang. They stole it, and it's invested in real estate down in S?o Paolo and some right here in New York."

General Chiang resigned as president of Nationalist China in January 1949 and fled to Taiwan that May, taking with him a national art collection that was kept in crates in Taiwan for years as the Chiangs clung to the ever-diminishing hope that they would some day take it back to Beijing.

In the United States, the Chiangs set up what would become one of the most sophisticated lobbying efforts ever in Washington, learning how to distribute millions of dollars indirectly through law firms and public relations companies. The operation continues today.

Madame Chiang made several trips to the United States in the 1950's to oppose efforts by the People's Republic of China to win a seat at the United Nations. Only in 1971 did the United Nations allow the government of the world's most populous country to be represented, a prelude to President Nixon's trip to Beijing in 1972.

After Nixon met Jiang Qing, a radical leftist who was Mao's wife, he wrote that she seemed the opposite of Madame Chiang: severe on the outside, but weak within; Madame Chiang had a soft appearance, but was steely inside.

Madame Chiang's health wavered over the years, and in 1976 she was diagnosed with breast cancer and had a mastectomy, and later, a second one.

Even after she moved to permanent residence in New York after Chiang Kai-shek's death in 1975, Madame Chiang kept her finger on the pulse of Nationalist politics. She returned to Taiwan after her stepson died in January 1988. Even though she was nearly 90, Madame Chiang tried to rally her old allies. But Lee Teng-hui, chosen as vice president both because he was Taiwan-born and because he was considered a pushover by fellow Nationalists, proved more adept at politics than expected, and he gradually solidified his control.

Madame Chiang lived out her final years in New York, with a pack of black-suited bodyguards who cleared the lobby of her Gracie Square apartment building every time she entered or left. She returned to Congress for one last appearance in 1995.

Her life gradually grew quiet, as friends preceded her to the grave. She stopped visiting a family estate on Long Island in Lattingtown, where she had often spent time with her younger relatives.
rural 發表於 9:03 AM | 靜態連結 | 迴響留言 (9) | 引用列表 | 觀看 (76356)

人不為己 天誅地滅(之)

事情有很多面
人往往挑自己看最爽的一面


最近怪怪的 睡覺都睡近 12 小時
真糟糕
rural 發表於 7:56 AM | 靜態連結 | 迴響留言 | 引用列表 | 觀看 (1635)

星期五, 十月 5, 2007
無聊沒事時
都很喜歡看大網站的漏洞

話說無名的網誌 要偷東西很容易(也可以說有些難啦)
總之
照片被鎖 如果知道 了一組最後的代碼
就可以用硬跑的方式 跑出結果
如果不知道呢
也可以硬跑 但是花的時間很長 而且效果也不佳
反正就是 10 位數字嘛

其餘的話 flash 瀏覽照片很容易偷 (MSN space + 一些其他)
因為只是靠 flash 為介面
照片基本上還更好偷 因為少了其他的防護(預設是認為偷不到嘛)
(少了的防護 比如說 referrer 那些)

而網頁遊戲嘛
基本上都很容易了解運算方式
進而寫出練功的 script

無聊寫寫
rural 發表於 8:15 AM | 靜態連結 | 迴響留言 | 引用列表 | 觀看 (1566)

星期三, 十月 3, 2007
稍微先把構思 一個一個紀錄下來吧
先說明一下 開放式 是個人的稱法 可能不符合一般說法

基本上 開放式劇情
主要就是 可以隨時開始劇情 (也可以隨時結束? <--這個要看情況呢)
要不要 隨時結束 主要考量在於 有時候 支線劇情會拿到一些物品
或者是 某地圖開啟 等等
或是相關聯的東西 因次 如果 隨時結束 可能造成不良影響

在來就是 是否限制 同時間 劇情數
如果是玩單機遊戲 可能不限制比較好
可是當牽扯到線上時 越多 未結束的劇情 代表 資料庫東西越多 可能只是 一個事件代碼
但也可能是好幾個 因此 如果要容納 無限制同時間進行 劇情數

那就代表要使用 explode / implode ..
相對的會增加運算時的負擔

另外一提就是 劇情方式 會有固定的型態
也就是 比如說 拿到東西 進劇情
殺了人 拿到東西進劇情
這樣可以省略 在戰鬥 殺了人之後 必須要加一小段 運算 事件代碼 劇情進度的部分

不過也可以 在固定 怪物身上 設定資料 也就是 當該怪物被殺死 或是把玩家殺死時
會自動執行 eval 然後 更改些東西
相對的 也可以在 固定 電腦玩家身上 加入 如此制度 對話後 就可啟發事件

=====
題外話
個人一直有過幻想 希望會有 開放式對話劇情的 模式
也就是 對話時 除了有多選項以外
同時玩家可以 自己輸入要說什麼話 (自己輸入? 哈哈可能會讓遊戲變很複雜了) <- 可有可無
約略構思是 使用 自然語言方式 下去 篩選 對話內容 或者是 事件內容
拿 regex 作為輔助工具
同時 進行任務時 也可以有多選擇
比如說 決定一刀把 魔王砍了 或者是 聽魔王 訴苦
回頭 質問 發出任務的人
其實照這樣看來 Gate of Oblivion 可以說是 最相似的遊戲
基本上 那也是個人到目前為止 玩過最好玩的RPG :)
不過呢 相較於 Oblivion 個人是希望 能夠更加的開放
結束題外話XD
=====

另外呢 個人希望 能夠加入 隨意砍人的功能
就是 看到路人甲 也可以隨便砍
砍多了 就會造成 主角 性格 逐漸轉為黑暗 或是某些特殊傾向

如果 砍的時候 週遭有人 或是某些情況
就會造成 主角名聲降低
當低到一定程度時 白天在陸上走(一般城鎮裡白天不會有人追殺) 會被亂七八糟追殺
然後 固定商家 不賣東西 某些旅館不能住
但是卻有機會 接觸 壞人等等

======
回到程序構思

基本上做法 大概就是 在某些頁面 動作時
會計算 主角的 事件代碼 然後去資料庫 取出 該事件的條件
不同的 條件 造成 不同的 下一個 事件代碼
也就是說 劇情會有多元的發展
不過 這種方式 要是 條件變化多了 負擔就大
比如說 物品條件 魔法條件 能力條件 (必須要在 玩家的資料裡搜尋 現有物品 現有魔法 and process)

另一個做法就是
在 少數頁面(極少數) 才會計算 主角事件代碼
觸發 以魔法為條件 或是能力值為條件 的事件
同時 採用 物品 怪物 人物 外加資料 制度
也就是 多一個 eval 欄
特殊 物品 怪物 人物
(怪物:在打死,被打死)
(物品:拿到,買入,賣出)
(人物:談話,打死,被打死)
就會進而 觸發 資料庫裡面 已經儲存好的 情況分析 code

第二種的方式 比較好 可是 比較需要時間構思
第一種則是 比較統一
話說 第二種 的好處就是
比如說 可以設計一些武器
在殺死 第一百個人之後 會激發特殊效果 (直接變成別的武器= ='')

兩種做法都可以 進行 魔法進化
也就是說 該魔法 使用一定次數 或是殺一定人/怪物之後
會出現 進化頁面 讓主角選擇 偏向於哪種類型的進化

anyway ... 先寫到這邊吧
大約是 事件處理方式 劇情進行方式
rural 發表於 6:47 AM | 靜態連結 | 迴響留言 | 引用列表 | 觀看 (1820)

星期二, 十月 2, 2007
不知道有沒有人對於寫網頁遊戲有興趣的
大家來討論討論吧?

個人是喜歡寫網頁遊戲 也寫過
只是 只能做到一半就停工了

其實個人有很多遊戲的點子 以及構思
可是尚須一些有興趣一起做的人 才能夠 實行

個人是覺得 大約
一個 flash人員
一個 劇情編劇人員
兩個 程式寫作人員吧

呵呵

個人寫的遊戲是單純的 php game ...
製作了一個地圖 介面 也可以說是2-D 的 網頁遊戲
相較於 大多都是 1-D 的網頁遊戲 (諸神黃昏, ogame, 商人物語 以及其他許許多多)

至於想法呢 有不少
不過 有些能夠統合 有些不太容易
以下有些是有構思了
有些只是單純的想法
有些則是已經 有部分製作了

開放式的 劇情介面
開放式的 武器裝備 (按照 職業/能力 來決定 該裝備的功效)
地圖介面
地圖自動創建功能 (以提供 無限大小的地圖)
進階職業系統 (尚有待細節 大綱討論)
戰鬥系統 (普通打怪)
國家系統 (玩家可以創建國家 如同 China / 古文明帝國 一般)
國戰系統 ? (國與國之間的衝突啦)
(玩家對玩家)(玩家對電腦)(電腦黑勢力 電腦光明勢力 等等)
玩家pk
及時對話 (旁邊聊天室)
map zoom in zoom out ...
(地圖放大 也就是 仔細的走遍地圖...探查寶物)
(舉例就是 普通打怪 怎樣打 怎樣砍 一次就是兩三個)
(地圖縮小 快速 約略的地圖行走)
(舉例就像是 三國志11 大陣丈畫面 隨隨便便走 打仗 就是死百多個兵)
帶兵系統 (隊伍系統?)

其實劇情背景可以是 春秋或戰國時代
(沒什麼春秋戰國遊戲捏 所以有點想做)
(大致上就是該時代 配上 仙術系統 陣略系統 等等)
也可以是 亂七八糟 創造的時代

anyway .... 看到有人寫的遊戲問卷
所以便 想到 以前那個 胎死腹中的 網頁遊戲
rural 發表於 5:20 AM | 靜態連結 | 迴響留言 (4) | 引用列表 | 觀看 (11080)

星期六, 九月 29, 2007
改天要設計 +cache 的 processor 了
可能又要忙了

最近下了墨攻 看完後 忽然又像是回到了以前
怎說 以前小時後 就很喜歡 春秋 戰國 時代的歷史
看了很多 同時包含 孫子 的傳記 還有孫子兵法等

oh...備註一下
墨攻的漫畫實在不值得一提
個人覺得該漫畫 內容編劇 太過於日本化了
同時也可以說有點粗淺

所以跑去下載了不少 古史
比如說 春秋左傳 還有其他雜七雜八的
其實這些書要是直接去 圖書館看 或是書店買可能比較多吧
可是 沒辦法啦 只好下載了

其實還不知道會不會讀咧
忽然發現
其實自己想做的遊戲
可就以 春秋戰國 為背景
然後 納入地圖陣法奇術兵法 等等
呵呵 想法是有了 不過大概也是 很難實行吧
一個人 時間只有一半 可能連個地圖都只能弄一半吧

話說 這些遊戲 最好就是使用 flash 最佳
不然 就只好使用 php 介面
當然也相對增加伺服器負擔了

總之 中國的歷史裡面
我較為有興趣 也喜歡的 就是 三國時代 春秋戰國 還有岳飛叔叔那段 XD
什麼火牛陣啦 空城計啦 還有孫子在齊吳的遭遇

唐也不錯啦可是畢竟 不是我較為有興趣的
rural 發表於 10:48 AM | 靜態連結 | 迴響留言 | 引用列表 | 觀看 (1667)

星期四, 九月 20, 2007
最近在設計 datapath ...
設計設計後
倒是開始 猶豫了
該以 整齊 整潔為優先
還是 該以 速度 為優先

畢竟拿到的detail 還不夠多
以後還會有可能要加東西進去
不然就可以直接以速度為優先
以及 元件的簡化 來作為考量了

對很多東西有很多idea ...
可是 idea 過多卻又很難下決定
怎說 要follow 一個 idea 並且實際行動 是很不容易的事情
可是偏生又有一堆idea 一直跑進來
哈哈 快要變成光說不做了

一個決定就可以影響一生
人的一生還真不容易
轉了幾萬個彎才到的了一個人生
rural 發表於 6:37 PM | 靜態連結 | 迴響留言 | 引用列表 | 觀看 (1874)

星期六, 九月 15, 2007
近期在作 9-bit SPI transceiver ...
做是做好了 花了半天多 才弄出想要的訊號以及時間
問題是 拿起來實際用 卻問題多多

主要還是因為 用 GPIO 的話
花太多時間在於算要傳什麼 還有
等待
可是換作 內建 SPI ...
microchip 又只有 8/16
沒有辦法調整
現在想要換成 parallel load 9-bit SPI transceiver ...
做是做好了
問題是接上後 還是不少麻煩

快要該開始找工作了
看了看公司
其實錯過了攤子
不過 下次在去就好
打算去看看 AMD Sandisk 的攤子
還有幾家小家的就是了

發現 其實公司的缺位並不多呢
本來以為會更多的
或許是 網路上沒有列
但是 實際上卻會有空位?

其實到現在才發現以前該多努力的
哈哈 不過 還是有些心結就是了
努力 又能如何呢
rural 發表於 12:02 PM | 靜態連結 | 迴響留言 (2) | 引用列表 | 觀看 (1557)

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